What are agricultural pesticides?
Agricultural pesticides are chemicals. These materials are used to eliminate pests. In general, a chemical pesticide is a chemical or a biological agent such as a virus, bacteria, antimicrobial, or disinfectant that inhibits and kills pests.
The use of agricultural pesticides is so common that the term pesticide is often used synonymously with plant protection product. This substance is usually used to eliminate or control a variety of agricultural pests. Pesticides may damage crops and livestock and reduce farm productivity. The most common types of agricultural pesticides and fertilizers are called insecticides. These poisons are used to repel pests and insects.
The Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) has defined pesticides as follows:
Any substance or mixture of substances intended to prevent, eliminate or control any pest, including human or animal disease, unwanted species of plants or animals, which causes injury during production or interferes with production, processing, storage manufacturing, transportation or marketing. Foodstuffs, agricultural commodities, wood products and animal feed, or substances which may be administered to animals for the control of insects, arachnids or other pests in the body.
Types of agricultural pesticides according to the type of pest:
Poisons are grouped according to the types of pests they kill:
Insecticides – insects
Herbicides – plants
Rodents _ Rodents
Bacteria – bacteria
Fungicides – fungus
Laroids – Larvae
Biodegradable is something that microbes and other living organisms can break down into harmless compounds.
Persistent agricultural pesticides
Persistent substances are substances that may take months or years to decompose.
Another way to classify poisons is to consider those listed in chemical forms or produced from a common source or method.
Chemical pesticides based on chemical compounds
Most organophosphates are insecticides. Their mechanism is such that they disrupt the enzyme that regulates nerve transmission.
Carbamate pest control mechanism is similar to organophosphorus. However, enzymatic effects are usually reversible.
These insecticides were commonly used in the past. But currently many countries do not use organochlorine insecticides due to their health and environmental effects and their persistence (eg DDT, Chlordane and Samsphen).
In this context, Aral Chemical Industries, relying on the production of organic and environmentally friendly products, has been able to produce a very strong substance compatible with the environment and plants called proxy antibug. This material is used to remove insects and pests from plants and trees. Proxi Anti Bug is an enemy of insects such as the Mediterranean fly, which is a harmful pest for citrus fruits.
This synthetic poison is one of the oldest natural pesticides. This toxin is found in chrysanthemum. They are built to maximize their stability in the environment.
Sulfonylurea herbicides for weed control, such as pyritobiac sodium, cyclosulfamoron, bispyribac sodium, trebasil, sulfometuron-methylsulfosulfuron, rimsulfuron, pyrazolosulfuron-ethyl, imazosulfuron, nisolsulfuron, esanosulfuron, liquid sulfolon, liquid sulfolon methyl, etholoxysulfuron, clarimuron-ethyl, Benzolfuron-methyl, Azimsulfuron and Amidosulfuron.
Biological toxins are special types of toxins. These toxins are composed of natural substances such as animals, plants, bacteria and certain minerals.
An example of pesticides
Examples of pesticides; They are fungicides, herbicides and insecticides. Examples of specific chemical pesticides are: Glyphosate, Asphalt, Dith, Propoxur, Metaldehyde, Boric Acid, Diazinon, Durban, DDT, Malathion, etc.
Benefits of pesticides
The most important advantage of pesticides is to protect crops from insects and other pests.
Control of pests and plant diseases.
Organisms that harm other human activities and structures.
Effects of pesticides
The toxic chemicals in these materials are designed to be intentionally released into the environment. The purpose of using pesticides is to get rid of certain pests. But contrary to the wishes of the consumer, toxins enter the air, water, sediments and even food.
Chemical pesticides are associated with human health risks. From short-term effects such as headache and nausea to chronic effects such as cancer, fertility damage.
The use of these also reduces the general biodiversity in the soil. If there are no chemicals in the soil, its quality is higher. An increase in soil quality is associated with an increase in agricultural products.
chemical fertilizers; Their types and uses
Chemical fertilizers in agriculture are plant food. Based on the production process, they are divided into three categories: chemical fertilizers, organic fertilizers and biological fertilizers.
Chemical fertilizers (synthetic fertilizers)
Chemical fertilizers play an important role in increasing crop production. The main nutrients in mineral fertilizers include nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium. These substances affect the vegetative and reproduction stage of plant growth.
Advantages of using chemical fertilizers
Chemical fertilizers are among the types of agricultural poisons and fertilizers. These substances make soluble nutrients available to plants. Therefore, they have a direct and quick effect. The price of chemical fertilizers